MIT Developing High-Powered Magnets
There are many uses of magnets in Brisbane but it is not even close to the magnets currently being developed by researchers at MIT. According to experts, the best way for humans to get clean energy source is through fusion power. It is something that has been talked about for years but only recently that a funding worth $30 million was given to the MIT researchers.
MIT is doing the project in collaboration with Commonwealth Fusion Systems which is a newly founded private firm. The partnership aims to construct the first ever power plane after 15 years.
Fusion power is not similar to nuclear fission because nuclear power is already present today and the process includes splitting of atomic particles. Nuclear fusion derives its power by combining helium with hydrogen atoms.
The nuclear process is similar to the one occurring inside the stars as well as the Earth’s sun. Once the fusion creates heat, it can reach up to hundreds of millions of degrees in Celsius. The goal is to harness the heat which will then be transformed into electricity in huge amount.
The goal of creating a reactor started in the 1940s and scientists have been trying ever since. The issue with each attempt is that they don’t enough power that can operate the reactor.
The closest thing they have created in terms of nuclear fusion reactor is called the tokamak. The chamber utilizes powerful magnets in order to produce a magnetic field which will trap the hot plasma created by the nuclear fusion which is in the form of a doughnut or a torus.
MIT is currently working on a compact version of the tokamak which they will call SPARC. The machine will have the capacity to produce heat about 100 megawatts. In order to create the compact tokamak, they will need to develop the most powerful magnets in the world which will be used for superconduction.
The first three years will dedicated by MIT into creating these magnets. These are far from the magnets in Brisbane which are only used in small scale applications and projects.